Border Security

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Introduction and Doctrine

Command, Control and Operations

Tactical Approach

Tactical concept


Through the above-mentioned tactical measures and fundamental terms, it is now possible to prepare tactical concepts that are understandable for all border police forces.

For exceptional situations for the border police, the following tactical and generally applicable concept was developed:


Tactical concept for border protection


1 General


There is an exceptional situation for the border police when significant risks or defects


• threaten public safety or order in cross-border traffic or detected at the border

• affect the security of the border to a great extent


Its roots may lie within the own country or abroad.


In addition to the land and water boundaries, the airfields that are approved for cross-border traffic are also considered as part of the border.


Exceptional border police situations may arise in particular through


• smuggling of persons, e.g. organized human trafficking

• a large number of illegal border crossings, e.g. by job seekers

• violent actions with significant impact on cross-border traffic

• Border incidents, such as unauthorized cross-border activities of other public authorities, changes of boundary markings, violent border breakthroughs


2 Tactical objectives


As tactical objectives, the following are primarily considered


• Aversion of threats to the security of the border or in connection with the cross-border traffic and eliminating the associated problems

• Identifying and arresting the perpetrators

• Ensuring evidential prosecution of criminal offenses and other issues


3 Preparatory measures


Planning decisions and documents should take into account in particular


• cooperation with other police departments

• cooperation with other competent authorities

• cooperation with "follow up" departments

• bilateral and multilateral cooperation with neighboring countries


By forming joint commissions with neighboring countries,


• planning can be completed jointly and in good time

• planning decisions and concepts can be coordinated

• rapid responses to current border police situations can take place

• border crossings for official reasons can be facilitated

• handling of cross-border commuters and other preferred people can be facilitated

• connecting forces or persons can be replaced

• national mobile units can be deployed with agreement


The preparatory measures also include


• Evaluation of experiences and knowledge, especially from previous deployments

• Use of reporting services and information systems

• Development of concepts, for example, for securing evidence, investigation, arrest, regarding criminal behavior, prevention of subsequent criminal acts and for traffic measures

• Specifying blanket orders for repetitive procedures

• Provision of site plans, topographic maps, aerial photographs, photos, videos, forms, checklists and IT-based procedures for example

• Preparation of texts for loudspeaker announcements and if necessary, translated into different languages

• Force planning, e.g. in terms of availability, accessibility, alerting, specialization, mobility

• Conducting meetings and site visits, particularly with regard to access and use rights

• Agreements on cooperation with officials and the responsible authorities and their availability


4 Tactical measures


The following may be considered


• Reconnaissance

• Observation

• Securing evidence,


in particular, making the initial major findings about the crime and determining the witnesses


• Documentation

• Military press and public relations

• Security

• Personal and property protection

• Area protection

• Cordon

• Searching

• Tracing,

e.g. by forces in civilian clothing, mobile investigation teams, aerial forces

• checks,


in particular the intensification of

o border control at the outer borders

o Checks in the border region of frequently changing locations

o Patrol duty


• Arrests, detentions

• Detention centre

• Prisoner transport

• securing, seizure

• Clearance

• Transport measures

• Subsequent surveillance


5 Technical / Organizational measures


The following must be considered besides the preparatory measures for carrying out the operation


• Requesting for additional forces

• and if necessary, requesting for special units and special forces

• Setting up a forces gathering point

• Specification of the destination and marshalling areas, the directions and coordination of the journey of the forces

• Instruction of the forces with regard to the tactically appropriate behavior with reference to the behavior in foreseeable conflict situations

• Restriction of radio communication to what is absolutely necessary; location-related information must be given priority

• Provision of mobile reserves, if necessary via air

• Use of special management and operational resources

• Provision of medical care

• Determining the availability of rescue and emergency services

• Use of connecting forces

• Information from associated departments, judicial and other governmental agencies, institutions, officials, transport operators

• position-dependent connection establishment with authorities of the neighboring state

• and if necessary, determining the availability of interpreters

• Provision of suitable premises for housing and catering of the task forces


6 Other information


The actions and behavior of forces with regard to coping up with exceptional border police situations require high sensitivity due to the close cooperation with the neighboring countries especially in view of their sovereignty.


The international agreements and treaties between the Kingdom and the neighboring countries on cooperation between the police authorities and the border authorities in the border areas shall be noted.

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