Border Security


Introduction and Doctrine

Command, Control and Operations

Tactical Approach

Issuing of orders

Commands must include all information necessary for the fulfillment of order.

Commands of superior departments should not only be passed on, but must also be implemented with regard to the personal order.

Commands should be issued as soon as possible. They are given in writing, orally or through characters. The transmission method depends among other things on the communication options, the degree of secrecy and urgency.

Orders are always to be divided.

A self responsible deviation from commands by the receiver is only allowed if a change in location requires this compulsory and the consent cannot be obtained in time for this purpose. This should be reported immediately.

Orders are directed towards particular and subordinate forces.

Adjacent departments, neighboring forces and other authorities and places serve as information; arrangements and agreements are to be made separately.

Commands should be issued by or through direct supervisors. Exceptions are permissible, for example if other authorities are determined or the success of operation is at risk.

For controlling and further assessment of the situation, the execution of the order and the result must be reported.

Verbal commands must be always documented. The order must be confirmed by the receiving party, and repeated if necessary.

Commands can also be issued as framework commands and pre-select commands.

Framework commands can be created for recurring or anticipated positions; they must be implemented in case of operation depending on the situation.

Pre-select commands inform of forth-coming operations and can be used for preparation.

Special arrangements can reduce the range of commands. They control for example, transport measures, information and communication, supply or use of particular management and operation funds.

Graphical commands contain in clear and condensed form the essential information for an operation, usually on the basis of written command, implementation plan as well as communication plan, under representation of the special organizational structure.

The graphical command due to lack of information content cannot always replace written command. It is not required for all situations. In ad-hoc situations it may be sufficient on the basis of the decision.

The graphical command is used for

• clarifying the written order

• facilitating communication

• avoiding the overloading of information

Its characteristics are particularly the graphic and written representation of organizational structure, communication relationships and individual orders if possible only on one page. In the written reproduction of the individual orders make sure that the meaning is preserved.

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