Border Security

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Introduction and Doctrine

Command, Control and Operations

Tactical Approach

Operations principles


The observance of operations principles is a requirement for successful tactical actions.

For all operational situations, the following are to be treated as general operations principles:


➢ Operations must be prepared for ad-hoc situations and for time slots. For this purpose, planning decisions and planning documents, exercises as well as training and education come into use.


➢ Clear command and subordination relationships must be ensured. The responsible operations commander is to be determined; he has to explain, document his leadership and ensure his continuous availability.


➢ Leadership changes are to be restricted to the absolute minimum and are only allowed if border police leaders have been trained in the area.


➢ In inter-regional operations unified leadership must be strived for;


➢ The focus must always be on the focal points.


➢ If the necessary work force or management and operation funds for coping with the situation are not yet available, measures for at least limiting the risks must be taken.


➢ If the work force or management and operation funds for the simultaneous performing of multiple tasks or simultaneous execution of multiple measures are not sufficient, their sequence must be determined.


➢ Emergency forces and if necessary police authorities must be informed about any developing situation immediately, comprehensively and regularly.


➢ If the action of the border police is prematurely not recognizable, secrecy, concealment, camouflage or covered approach must be offered. In special cases, confidentiality may also be required against own forces.


➢ Operational units must always be used unanimously. They should receive orders which they can carry out independently.


➢ Reserves must be formed according to the situation. If reserves are not available, they must be to use other forces e.g. alarm units and management and operation funds quickly and according to plan and situation.


➢ Especially in case of ad-hoc situations, the following applies: Integrate before reclassification.


➢ Police equipment are also to be used to discharge the forces.


➢ The principles of self-protection must be taken into account.


➢ Surveillance or other activities against facilities or measures of border guard are to be expected.


➢ If the repeated use of the same forces during an operation is possible, this must be taken into account when calculating the force requirements. Forces that have fulfilled their order are to be dismissed from operation or must be used for another purpose.

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